The Big E

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)

 

DNA, as we understand it today, was discovered by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953. As our understanding of this magnificent code grows, so does our amazement! Check out some of the science behind DNA.

A Wave-Top Description of DNA

 

DNA works much like computer code. It is a language in and of itself that contains the "blue prints" for the constructing and functioning of all known living organisms. Unlike computer code that uses only two variables (1's and 0's), DNA has 4 (A,T.C and G). Though we do not know everything about DNA, it's main function is to instruct Amino Acids in the construction of Proteins. By itself, DNA is useless, just like a book without anyone to read it. It takes an external entity to perform what the code tells it to.


Some Geek-Speak

 

To help us understand how DNA works, let's take a quick look at the basic function of binary code, or how computers work at their simplest level: Using only 1's and 0's (bits), computers read the code and present an image or perform a function based off the code. Look at the table to the below:

 

0=No,  1=Yes

Here, we can see how a 4-bit computer code creates numbers

   1.Starting from the left, read each bit. If it's a "0", its value is 0,

   2.The first bit is a "0". Assign that bit a value of "0". Then, continue reading,

   3.Another "0". Assign it the value of "0" and continue reading,

   4.Here is a "1". Here, move up and find its value: "2",

   5.Continue to the final bit. Another "1". Again, move up to find it's value "1",

   6.Now, add the four values that you just found: 0+0+2+1,

   7.Your answer is 3.

How would you write five in binary code?

So, by using billions of 1's and 0's, computers can perform all sorts of functions as we see today. Unlike DNA, however, computers only have two options (0 and 1). DNA has 4 (A,T, C and G). Obviously, DNA is already much more complex.

 

 

“DNA is like a computer program but far, far more advanced than any software ever created.” – Bill Gates

 

                = "D"

Bill Gates' sentence in binary:

For binary code to create Gate's sentece, it takes a total of 856 perfectly arranged “1”s and “0”s

Knowing this, if I told you that I found this code arranged in that order in my binary-bit cereal, would you believe me? Would it even be possible?

 


Amazing DNA Facts

 

 

  • DNA is found inside every cell in our body (apart from red blood cells).
  • Each cell contains roughly 6 feet of DNA.

  • Humans have roughly 100,000,000,000,000 (100 trillion cells).
  • If you unraveled all of your DNA from all of your cells and laid out the DNA end to end, the strand would stretch from the Earth to the Sun hundreds of times (the sun is approximately 98 million miles away from Earth).
  • You could fit 25,000 strands of DNA side by side in the width of a single adult hair.
  • There are approximately 3 billion (3,000,000,000) chemical letters (otherwise known as bases) in the DNA code in every cell in your body.
  • This is a massive amount of information. It would fill 200 yellow pages in small type font.
  • If you tried typing the whole genetic code out (typing at 200 letters per minute) it would take 29 years (without taking any breaks!).

How Much Data does DNA Contain?

 

 

A teaspoon of DNA, according to molecular biologist Michael Denton, could contain all the information needed to build the proteins for all the species of organisms that have ever lived on the earth, and "there would still be enough room left for all the information in every book ever written" ( Evolution: A Theory in Crisis , 1996, p. 334).


Everyone agrees that computer code could in no way find itself arranged by chance. How then can DNA, a superiorly more complex code, be thought to have simply evolved?

Even the simplest of cells is vastly complex. If you were to take the DNA strand found inside the E-Coli cell (pictured right) and magnify it to the size of a clothes line, it would stretch over 6 miles in length. Could this be the "simple" cell that arose from the primordial soup and started all life?

“I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well.  Psalms 139:14

wonderfully made: Hebrew word palah

 

1: to be distinct, be separated,. be distinguished

2: to be wonderful

 "fearfully" Hebrew word yare'

 

1: to cause astonishment and awe, to be in awe

2: to inspire reverence or godly fear and awe

 

marvelous: Hebrew word pala'

 

to be marvelous, be wonderful, be surpassing, be extraordinary, separated by distinguishing action

1: to be beyond one's power, be difficult to do

2: to be difficult to understand

3: to be wonderful, be extraordinary

David recorded these words approximately 3,000 years ago, yet we are still discovering just how marvelously constructed we actually are.

Hebrew references and definitions found at blueletterbible.org